Chamki Fever Wiki (Encephalitis): Causes | Precautions | Symptoms | Treatment | Location: Encephalitis is also known as chamki fever, acute viral encephalitis or aseptic encephalitis. It is defined as inflammation in the brain which can be swelling or irritation in the brain. Due to encephalitis, more than 100 children died in Muzaffarpur and adjoining districts of Bihar. It is a rare but serious disease and most of the casualties occurred are between 1-10 age group. There is a lot more to read about Encephalitis (Chamki Fever), its causes, symptoms, and treatment.
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. Severity is variable. Symptoms may include headache, fever, confusion, a stiff neck, and vomiting. Complications may include seizures, hallucinations, trouble speaking, memory problems, and problems with hearing. MRI scan image shows high signal in the temporal lobes and right inferior frontal gyrus in someone with HSV encephalitis.
About Chamki Fever / Bukhar (Encephalitis)
Specialty – Neurology, Infectious disease
Symptoms – Headache, fever, confusion, stiff neck, vomiting
Complications – Seizures, trouble speaking, memory problems, problems hearing
Duration – Weeks to months for recovery
Types – Herpes simplex, West Nile, rabies, Eastern equine encephalitis, others
Causes – Infection, autoimmune, certain medication, unknown
Diagnostic method – Based on symptoms, supported by blood tests, medical imaging, analysis of cerebrospinal fluid
Treatment – Antiviral medication, anticonvulsants, corticosteroids, artificial respiration
Deaths. – 150,000 (2015)
Overview of Chamki Fever / Bukhar (Encephalitis)
Causes of encephalitis include viruses such as herpes simplex virus and rabies as well as bacteria, fungi, or parasites. Other causes include autoimmune diseases and certain medications. In many cases, the cause remains unknown. Risk factors include a weak immune system. Diagnosis is typically based on symptoms and supported by blood tests, medical imaging, and analysis of cerebrospinal fluid. Certain types are preventable with vaccines. Treatment may include antiviral medications (such as acyclovir), anticonvulsants, and corticosteroids. Treatment generally takes place in the hospital. Some people require artificial respiration. Once the immediate problem is under control, rehabilitation may be required. In 2015, encephalitis was estimated to have affected 4.3 million people and resulted in 150,000 deaths worldwide.
Symptoms of Chamki Fever / Bukhar (Encephalitis)
Adult patients with encephalitis present with acute onset of fever, headache, confusion, and sometimes seizures. Younger children or infants may present irritability, poor appetite, and fever. Neurological examinations usually reveal a drowsy or confused patient. Stiff neck, due to the irritation of the meninges covering the brain, indicates that the patient has either meningitis or meningoencephalitis.